Well Ubuntu 8.10 has finally been released! I have been tinkering with prereleases for the past couple of weeks but now I am looking forward to trying out the release version on a machine! Once again however canonical have been a bit cryptic about providing good links to their iso MD5 hashes (or checksums), so as before, here are the MD5s for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Edubuntu, ubuntustudio, Mythbuntu, and Xubunutu 8.10:
ea6d44667ea3fd435954d6e1f0e89122 *ubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso f9e0494e91abb2de4929ef6e957f7753 *ubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso f9cdb7e9ad85263dde17f8fc81a6305b *ubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 24ea1163ea6c9f5dae77de8c49ee7c03 *ubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso 8d35fea8c16597a6f4dd07f8e18e2166 *ubuntu-8.10-mid-lpia.img e3028a105a083339be8e5af5afbe7444 *ubuntu-8.10-server-amd64.iso a2ec9975a91e1228c8292ed9799dc302 *ubuntu-8.10-server-i386.iso 2796c696ab368415a30fddc8278e08b0 *wubi.exe 4dc5bad5ee18648cd9dfbb87d86880b5 *kubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso 04a2c5c8f394175e6d6579e626995c7a *kubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso b054fd985294c80dcd6400fede533c72 *kubuntu-8.10-beta-desktop-i386.iso 824de6bea59d41637a41f17c00d33f7d *kubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 45c572d3bc95db05ed8ab37bae75b750 *edubuntu-8.10-addon-amd64.iso 7944aaaaf645571dd6e0a9db700394e9 *edubuntu-8.10-addon-i386.iso 3539726b4aa58801427578bb66da5fd1 *xubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso db016f2f55ea2109b787a191b8115c67 *xubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso 4153396adde6b210c07ef7d7ccb14231 *xubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 53c50ff06f4ad659f0abf6474b58c8e6 *xubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso 3231c37e95a4facf4106ddb6ed560981 *edubuntu-8.10-beta-addon-amd64.iso 82c02dc7386dfb6858a9ec09a5059e1e *kubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso c578db9752b22247100657bb70bf66de *mythbuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso 077c387c1eaedc697dfd2c0039c92911 *mythbuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso 30de5bbfde9fee17b871c016fb35dc44 *ubuntustudio-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso c721eee448b455ed19bd2a11f38a416e *ubuntustudio-8.10-alternate-i386.iso
Ubuntu 8.10 “Intrepid Ibex” will be released soon! If you can’t wait or want to help out, download the latest beta / release candidate from canonical and get an early preview. Be warned though that this is beta software and as such potentially requires more than the usual amount of patience to get running properly as I found out whilst tinkering with Kubuntu 8.10 beta KDE 4 remix. :) Although I am sure the problems I was having had as much to do with the poor hardware compatibility with Linux as with buggy beta software.
Just a brief note to say that I have updated my original post on the MD5 hases of all the *buntu (ubuntu, kubuntu kde3 and kde4, edubuntu xubuntu) builds to include the ‘revision 1’ 8.04.1 cd images. Everything should now be up to date again. :)
Ubuntu 8.04 has been released! I, like many are now in the process of burning the ISO images to CD ready to install / upgrade, however there is something that should be done before you even burn that iso image. Because of the nature of the Internet, trunctated connections are common place particularly during server stress (e.g. during a distribution release) and as such, you need to check the CD images you have downloaded are in fact 100% complete and accurate – this could save you a massive headache later on.
There are a huge variety of such utilities for Windows, Linux and Mac. Once you have the utility and the CD image, it’s MD5 checksum needs to be calculated. Once this is done, the calculated MD5 hash needs to be compared to the ‘official’ MD5 hash for the specific file you have tried to download. The MD5s are not easy to find as Canonical do not post them with the download links (which is what most people do.) Instead, you will have to goto the ftp mirror directory and find the MD5SUMS files.
To save you looking, here are the MD5 sums of the Hardy Heron Ubuntu images:
7d0ac92c56361949d099dd9337c975e7 *ubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 166991d61e7c79a452b604f0d25d07f9 *ubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso fc43f665ba51c4be0d95c011aefef45d *ubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 8895167a794c5d8dedcc312fc62f1f1f *ubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso 8a73cf85b04f37d5d91fb436525ea395 *ubuntu-8.04-server-amd64.iso c3162b21757746c64a0a22cdd060b164 *ubuntu-8.04-server-i386.iso cdd32124f23b455b0aa22cc3ff35ff35 *wubi.exe a96aa69961f3ed80dd7a88fae1e28196 *wubi.exe
fe122a713c5945dbbff035b16848ae47 *kubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 94b892ac78fdb4d1f164e7bd0f7da2ca *kubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 99da350d4163ee046a00ef1dda81be6a *kubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 8aebb0dc17588d22dd3bb59d7df71061 *kubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso
For Kubuntu with KDE 4.x: (these servers are being particularly hammered at the moment)
8a822b70f1e169f462727cb885e2b565 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso b7195c72b564b3676e584cb774e9002c *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 3028e26593a29b007c8878f0fbbe5639 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 1933f11ccea58de5bc80549774479031 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-desktop-i386.iso
210822f1d1d618153a4fdf993c5c3fe7 *edubuntu-8.04-addon-amd64.iso 7259d6f34c5f09e26927c39066833d03 *edubuntu-8.04-addon-i386.iso
c83b84dc02b9e5480d64d2accdd9f3bb *xubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 4f398cd35eaf297347f18634a5be5d77 *xubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 0fb2297b036d9d1bf4cc0a13a4d82f76 *xubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 665bcc283e131be4cb71ecb2bf0e3794 *xubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.is
*New* Ubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
38e3f4d0774a143bd24f1f2e42e80d63 *ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso bbd21ded02c06b41c59485266833937a *ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso b78ef719e3361e726b89bab78c526ad0 *ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso c69e34e92d5402d1b87e6babc739f774 *ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso e7351d79903588699a383ae77854f734 *ubuntu-8.04.1-server-amd64.iso 7232c6004ba438890cd09aded162dc8e *ubuntu-8.04.1-server-i386.iso
*New* Kubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
957e8329f346543027a247b06cc58853 *kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso 5de105f1e2acb0a7019a636c98454e0d *kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso e171680df385cf07e6dbe339b59f2999 *kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso e0b9861df26c54acfd62bf35abe859f6 *kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso
*New* Xubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
287f090589821fbb56c3df06b23f1b30 *xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso 65e96e29439578d5c0c11a85fce075e7 *xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso 6609ac9a45f7a9b9948862355f3b30ca *xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso ea2e852642ed5dcc722d67e181eb5c89 *xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso
These are correct as of 24/04/08 @ 15:51 GMT, Enjoy the new release :)
Update, the issue with the MD5 of wubi.exe has been corrected. Hashes are now correct as of 27/04/08 11:23 GMT. :)
Update 2, I have just added the MD5 hashes for the first revision of all the images. Now you can find the KDE 4.1 Kubuntu (as well as Ubuntu 8.04.1 etc..) MD5 hashes here as well. Now correct as of 22/08/08.
On the 24th of March, the Automatix team finally threw in the towel. Automatix has served for a couple of years as a community server for restricted packages and has been very useful for users who want a one stop shop for all their restricted codecs and software which, due to licensing issues, could not be distributed with official builds of Linux distributions like Ubuntu.
“Well the day has finally come, development of Automatix has been discontinued. We are doing this, NOT because we think Automatix is no longer necessary on Ubuntu and Debian, but because all of the Automatix developers have become wrapped up in more pressing commitments.”
Whilst Automatix has drawn a lot of flak in recent months and probably has as many people who hate it as are fans, however few can dispute it is a great time saver for people who are relatively new to the world of F/OSS and Linux in general. In a community typically seen as having a high learning curve, anything which helps break new users into the joys of Linux should be encouraged, not put down by the old guard who prefer to do things solely in the terminal.
It should be noted that although Automatix v2 is likely not to be developed further, Automatix may still be developed (as v3) for the platform the key members of the team are now working on. We shall have to see what happens in the coming months.
Although the celebration could potentially end there. Every few months I google my laptop’s wireless card (a Broadcom 4318) to see how much further (sic) native linux support has progressed. This is a time honoured ritual I began when I first started taking an interest in running Linux as my main OS on my laptop a few years ago.
Broadcom are a company who seem to care very little about supporting their end users. I have never had to deal with them directly, however and I am basing this statement on their website which seems far more geared to ODMs and OEMs rather than the end user and the fact that they have point blank refused to release source or any useful technical documentation to allow the F/OSS community to make a native driver.
The problem with Google based searches around this problem is that they generally provide links to pages based on Google’s page ranking / relevancy algorithms which do not (for the purposes of this discussion) take page age into account. This means the majority of the results are either wrong or woefully out of date. Up until recently, the main way in which the cards could be made to (sort of) work was through the bcm43xx project. This utilised a reverse engineered framework which required the firmware from the windows based drivers. This was achieved through a sister project – bcm43xx-fwcutter.
While this supported a healthy number of cards, the 4311 still had power issues which would make it very unstable to the point where a hard reset would be required after 15-35 minutes use in order to re-enable the wifi card. So today I began searching again to see what progress had been made and was pleasantly surprised to find that, as the title suggests, bcm43xx the cumbersome behemoth has been depreciated. However the reason I said not to celebrate yet was because it has been replaced the the b43 project. Proudly displayed on the main page under supported devices is the 4318! This hopefully now means that I and other Fujitsu Siemens a1650 owners can now use their laptops as portable devices whilst using a F/OSS operating system!
* Station mode
* Access Point mode (although not tested very well).
* Ad-Hoc (IBSS) mode
* Monitor and Promisc mode.
* “Monitor while operating” and multiple monitor interfaces.
* In-Hardware traffic de/encryption (relieves your CPU).
* LEDs to signal card state and traffic.
* In-Hardware MAC address filter.
* Probably something we forgot to add here.
not working yet
* Interference mitigation.
* Bluetooth coexistance (most code implemented, but untested)
* Probably something else that’s not listed under “Works”.
The manner in which it works however is the same, a basic framework is installed with b43 and coupled with the corresponding Broadcom proprietary driver;
“The Broadcom wireless chip needs software, called “firmware” … (T)his firmware is copyrighted by Broadcom … and it must be extracted from Broadcom’s proprietary drivers … you must download the driver from a legal distribution point … (then) you must extract the firmware from that Broadcom driver and install it in the special directory for firmware – usually /lib/firmware.”
Not only has the project been given a new lease of life, the new code is reported to be more stable and resolve the power issues as experience on the Fujistu A1650. It should be noted, however that Acer_Acpi will still be required on this laptop to initialise the hardware but this is beyond the scope of this post.
I will be moving from my “build-and-held-together-by-ducttape-and-a-stern-look” Ubuntu 7.04 build to either 7.10 or Kubuntu 7.10 soon and I shall test this and report back my findings.