Well Ubuntu 8.10 has finally been released! I have been tinkering with prereleases for the past couple of weeks but now I am looking forward to trying out the release version on a machine! Once again however canonical have been a bit cryptic about providing good links to their iso MD5 hashes (or checksums), so as before, here are the MD5s for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Edubuntu, ubuntustudio, Mythbuntu, and Xubunutu 8.10:
ea6d44667ea3fd435954d6e1f0e89122 *ubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso f9e0494e91abb2de4929ef6e957f7753 *ubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso f9cdb7e9ad85263dde17f8fc81a6305b *ubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 24ea1163ea6c9f5dae77de8c49ee7c03 *ubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso 8d35fea8c16597a6f4dd07f8e18e2166 *ubuntu-8.10-mid-lpia.img e3028a105a083339be8e5af5afbe7444 *ubuntu-8.10-server-amd64.iso a2ec9975a91e1228c8292ed9799dc302 *ubuntu-8.10-server-i386.iso 2796c696ab368415a30fddc8278e08b0 *wubi.exe 4dc5bad5ee18648cd9dfbb87d86880b5 *kubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso 04a2c5c8f394175e6d6579e626995c7a *kubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso b054fd985294c80dcd6400fede533c72 *kubuntu-8.10-beta-desktop-i386.iso 824de6bea59d41637a41f17c00d33f7d *kubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 45c572d3bc95db05ed8ab37bae75b750 *edubuntu-8.10-addon-amd64.iso 7944aaaaf645571dd6e0a9db700394e9 *edubuntu-8.10-addon-i386.iso 3539726b4aa58801427578bb66da5fd1 *xubuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso db016f2f55ea2109b787a191b8115c67 *xubuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso 4153396adde6b210c07ef7d7ccb14231 *xubuntu-8.10-desktop-amd64.iso 53c50ff06f4ad659f0abf6474b58c8e6 *xubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso 3231c37e95a4facf4106ddb6ed560981 *edubuntu-8.10-beta-addon-amd64.iso 82c02dc7386dfb6858a9ec09a5059e1e *kubuntu-8.10-desktop-i386.iso c578db9752b22247100657bb70bf66de *mythbuntu-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso 077c387c1eaedc697dfd2c0039c92911 *mythbuntu-8.10-alternate-i386.iso 30de5bbfde9fee17b871c016fb35dc44 *ubuntustudio-8.10-alternate-amd64.iso c721eee448b455ed19bd2a11f38a416e *ubuntustudio-8.10-alternate-i386.iso
Ubuntu 8.10 “Intrepid Ibex” will be released soon! If you can’t wait or want to help out, download the latest beta / release candidate from canonical and get an early preview. Be warned though that this is beta software and as such potentially requires more than the usual amount of patience to get running properly as I found out whilst tinkering with Kubuntu 8.10 beta KDE 4 remix. :) Although I am sure the problems I was having had as much to do with the poor hardware compatibility with Linux as with buggy beta software.
Just a brief note to say that I have updated my original post on the MD5 hases of all the *buntu (ubuntu, kubuntu kde3 and kde4, edubuntu xubuntu) builds to include the ‘revision 1′ 8.04.1 cd images. Everything should now be up to date again. :)
The next version of Ubuntu (8.10) that will be released in October of this year has been named (drum roll please)
Which appears to be a wild goat. At least they are more creative than some of Microsoft’s internal codenames. Still, I must confess I have tuned out a little bit from the Linux world since Hardy Heron (euphemistically named Hungry Hippo by the F/OSS community), when more concrete details emerge as the mile stones progress I will write more on the subject.
After using Hardy Heron for about twelve hours now (at least eight of those tweaking and fiddling) I must say I am impressed although, it sometimes feels a bit more clunky than previous releases. This release builds greatly on the previous release 7.10 and feels more feature complete and compatible as well. This is largely due to native inclusion of the b43 driver over the depreciated bcm43xx driver for the wireless as well as an improved restricted driver manager.
Here is an overview of how things work with my Fujitsu Siemens A1650 Amilo laptop:
CPU: Works perfectly (including frequency scaling and power management)
WiFi (Broadcom 4318 ) : Works *! (After the install of Acer_acpi tools and a bit of tweaking)
Graphics (Ati x200m) : Works perfectly! (With Ati Non-Free driver)
Flash (in Firefox) : Works perfectly (I had lots of problems with this in 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon.)
Memory Card Reader : Not tested.
PCMCIA : Works perfectly (tested with IDE > CF converter and tried a CF memory card)
Hot Keys : Can be made to work, but I have not got around to this yet.
* Although it picks up and connects to wireless networks, I need to do a bit of testing before I am 100% sure all the problems have been sorted. Bloody Broadcom….
I had do install a few extra packages to get it all working however and I am going to detail this now.
To get the wireless working we need to install the firmware (not shipped with Ubuntu) via the new firmware cutter b43-fwcutter. In a terminal window, type:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install bc43-fwcutter
Once that is done, follow these instructions to obtain and load the correct firmware module.
Now we need to install the Acer_acpi packages. Do not follow the instructions on the project website relating to acer_acpi as you will end up trying to install the depreciated version of b43 (bcm43xx.)
We need to add the following line to the package manager to enable the repository containing the acer_acpi code:
deb http://www.mumblyworld.info/ubuntu gutsy main
Once that is done, open a console window.
wget http://www.mumblyworld.info/ubuntu/depot.key -O- | sudo apt-key add -
apt-get install aceracpi-source
m-a a-i aceracpi-source
This first downloads the repository public signing key and then gets the acer_acpi source package. In the process you will likely be asked to install other dependancies, agree to this as these will be required during the compiling process. Once the above commands have completed, you will need to activate the module:
The wireless light on the A1650 will now light up showing the wireless module has been activated. For future reference, it can be activated and deactivated with the following commands:
echo 1 > /proc/acpi/acer/wireless (to activate)
echo 0 > /proc/acpi/acer/wireless (to deactivate)
Restart and your wireless should be operational :) For reference, I followed parts of the guide found here. I would not recommend you do the same, as you will end up trying to install the depreciate version of the b43 driver, bcm43xx.
Another thing which I installed was the Compiz manager as well as emerald. Compiz has a lot of options, but window decoration is still one I prefer to use Emerald for. These are installed in much the same way as they were in 7.10 with a few key exceptions.
sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-gnome compiz-plugins libcompizconfig-backend-gconf libcompizconfig0
Then install emerald:
sudo apt-get install emerald
Once these packages (and their dependancies) have installed, you will find two new options under System > Preferences gnome menu. One will give you complete control over the effects Compiz uses and the other will let you load/tweak and create Emerald themes. However, as per default metacity is the window decorator. In the Compiz “Advanced Desktop Effects Settings” find the window decoration option and replace the command field with “Emerald –replace”
Save and restart if required.
Ubuntu 8.04 has been released! I, like many are now in the process of burning the ISO images to CD ready to install / upgrade, however there is something that should be done before you even burn that iso image. Because of the nature of the Internet, trunctated connections are common place particularly during server stress (e.g. during a distribution release) and as such, you need to check the CD images you have downloaded are in fact 100% complete and accurate – this could save you a massive headache later on.
There are a huge variety of such utilities for Windows, Linux and Mac. Once you have the utility and the CD image, it’s MD5 checksum needs to be calculated. Once this is done, the calculated MD5 hash needs to be compared to the ‘official’ MD5 hash for the specific file you have tried to download. The MD5s are not easy to find as Canonical do not post them with the download links (which is what most people do.) Instead, you will have to goto the ftp mirror directory and find the MD5SUMS files.
To save you looking, here are the MD5 sums of the Hardy Heron Ubuntu images:
7d0ac92c56361949d099dd9337c975e7 *ubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 166991d61e7c79a452b604f0d25d07f9 *ubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso fc43f665ba51c4be0d95c011aefef45d *ubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 8895167a794c5d8dedcc312fc62f1f1f *ubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso 8a73cf85b04f37d5d91fb436525ea395 *ubuntu-8.04-server-amd64.iso c3162b21757746c64a0a22cdd060b164 *ubuntu-8.04-server-i386.iso cdd32124f23b455b0aa22cc3ff35ff35 *wubi.exe a96aa69961f3ed80dd7a88fae1e28196 *wubi.exe
fe122a713c5945dbbff035b16848ae47 *kubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 94b892ac78fdb4d1f164e7bd0f7da2ca *kubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 99da350d4163ee046a00ef1dda81be6a *kubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 8aebb0dc17588d22dd3bb59d7df71061 *kubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.iso
For Kubuntu with KDE 4.x: (these servers are being particularly hammered at the moment)
8a822b70f1e169f462727cb885e2b565 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso b7195c72b564b3676e584cb774e9002c *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 3028e26593a29b007c8878f0fbbe5639 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 1933f11ccea58de5bc80549774479031 *kubuntu-kde4-8.04-desktop-i386.iso
210822f1d1d618153a4fdf993c5c3fe7 *edubuntu-8.04-addon-amd64.iso 7259d6f34c5f09e26927c39066833d03 *edubuntu-8.04-addon-i386.iso
c83b84dc02b9e5480d64d2accdd9f3bb *xubuntu-8.04-alternate-amd64.iso 4f398cd35eaf297347f18634a5be5d77 *xubuntu-8.04-alternate-i386.iso 0fb2297b036d9d1bf4cc0a13a4d82f76 *xubuntu-8.04-desktop-amd64.iso 665bcc283e131be4cb71ecb2bf0e3794 *xubuntu-8.04-desktop-i386.is
*New* Ubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
38e3f4d0774a143bd24f1f2e42e80d63 *ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso bbd21ded02c06b41c59485266833937a *ubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso b78ef719e3361e726b89bab78c526ad0 *ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso c69e34e92d5402d1b87e6babc739f774 *ubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso e7351d79903588699a383ae77854f734 *ubuntu-8.04.1-server-amd64.iso 7232c6004ba438890cd09aded162dc8e *ubuntu-8.04.1-server-i386.iso
*New* Kubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
957e8329f346543027a247b06cc58853 *kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso 5de105f1e2acb0a7019a636c98454e0d *kubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso e171680df385cf07e6dbe339b59f2999 *kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso e0b9861df26c54acfd62bf35abe859f6 *kubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso
*New* Xubuntu 8.04.1 (Revision 1)
287f090589821fbb56c3df06b23f1b30 *xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-amd64.iso 65e96e29439578d5c0c11a85fce075e7 *xubuntu-8.04.1-alternate-i386.iso 6609ac9a45f7a9b9948862355f3b30ca *xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso ea2e852642ed5dcc722d67e181eb5c89 *xubuntu-8.04.1-desktop-i386.iso
These are correct as of 24/04/08 @ 15:51 GMT, Enjoy the new release :)
Update, the issue with the MD5 of wubi.exe has been corrected. Hashes are now correct as of 27/04/08 11:23 GMT. :)
Update 2, I have just added the MD5 hashes for the first revision of all the images. Now you can find the KDE 4.1 Kubuntu (as well as Ubuntu 8.04.1 etc..) MD5 hashes here as well. Now correct as of 22/08/08.
On the 24th of March, the Automatix team finally threw in the towel. Automatix has served for a couple of years as a community server for restricted packages and has been very useful for users who want a one stop shop for all their restricted codecs and software which, due to licensing issues, could not be distributed with official builds of Linux distributions like Ubuntu.
“Well the day has finally come, development of Automatix has been discontinued. We are doing this, NOT because we think Automatix is no longer necessary on Ubuntu and Debian, but because all of the Automatix developers have become wrapped up in more pressing commitments.”
Whilst Automatix has drawn a lot of flak in recent months and probably has as many people who hate it as are fans, however few can dispute it is a great time saver for people who are relatively new to the world of F/OSS and Linux in general. In a community typically seen as having a high learning curve, anything which helps break new users into the joys of Linux should be encouraged, not put down by the old guard who prefer to do things solely in the terminal.
It should be noted that although Automatix v2 is likely not to be developed further, Automatix may still be developed (as v3) for the platform the key members of the team are now working on. We shall have to see what happens in the coming months.
Yes folks, its that time of the year again, six months have passed since Ubuntu 7.10 and Hardy Heron is 28 days away from being released. Seriously, who thinks of these code-names? This is just a brief post to discuss an interesting new feature called wubi. Unlike prior releases of Ubuntu which auto ran and allowed the install F/OSS software in windows (or reboot to install Linux) Wubi is a GUI that installs a fully usable Linux distribution from within Windows :)
It started out as a fork from 7.10 but has now been re-merged into (the forth coming) 8.4 as another option for people on the fence which is a step more usable than the Live CD option which has been present on many distributions for a while now. To get around rolling it’s sleaves up and getting dirty with your partition tables, Wubi creates an image of the linux harddrive in a very similar why in which virtualisation / emulation programs run as guests on the host system (e.g. QEMU, VirtualBox, VMWare etc.) The similarity ends there, this is not a preconfigured emulated environment run from within Windows, Wubi adds itself as an option to the MBR (Master Boot Record) which allows the user to select which operating system they wish to boot.
Find out more here.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year! :)
Continuing with my posts about Gutsy Gibbon (Ubuntu 7.10) I thought I would describe how I fixed another of the problems I previously blogged about : corrupt splash screens.
For some reason, the default resolution of the splash screens in Gutsy Gibbon is set to 1280×1024. Anyone running a system not capable of supporting this will be met with a blank screen and a protracted load time. This is a known issue but luckily there is a simple fix.
The resolution is found in /etc/usplash.conf file and as per default is set to:
Change it to the following.
Then, run the following command to rebuild the required boot binaries.
sudo update-initramfs -u -k `uname -r`
This has fixed the problem on my laptop (Fujitsu Siemens Amilo a1650 with x200 m ATi gpu and 1280×800 screen.) This simple tweak has fixed the problem for people with a variety of hardware – check the official bug entry for more information.
Well, as promised I am posting how to get the various bits of Ubuntu working with a Amilo a1650 laptop. In my previous post I outlined the areas that immediately let down the release and in this post I am going to briefly detail how to get the advanced compositing effects working.
The window decorator compiz refused to run, crashing with the error “No whitelisted driver found”. Before I went any further I checked to see if my restricted repository ATi binary driver was working properly.
Both “fglrxinfo” and “grep glxinfo | grep “direct rendering”” indicated that it had.
So I followed the advice of this thread and proceeded to install the xgl server (via : sudo apt-get install xserver-xgl)
and make sure compiz and all its managers / dependencies were correctly installed:
“sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager compiz compiz-core compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-gnome compiz-plugins libcompizconfig-backend-gconf libcompizconfig0“
After this I restarted the session (using Ctrl+Alt+Backspace) and used the console to test compiz via
“compiz –replace” – Note there are two hyphens although for some reason wordpress is only showing one.
which then loaded, replaced metacity and worked perfectly.